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fds.c

/* FCE Ultra - NES/Famicom Emulator
 *
 * Copyright notice for this file:
 *  Copyright (C) 2002 Xodnizel
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "types.h"
#include "x6502.h"
#include "fceu.h"
#include "fds.h"
#include "sound.h"
#include "general.h"
#include "state.h"
#include "file.h"
#include "memory.h"
#include "cart.h"
#include "md5.h"
#include "netplay.h"

/*    TODO:  Add code to put a delay in between the time a disk is inserted
      and the when it can be successfully read/written to.  This should
      prevent writes to wrong places OR add code to prevent disk ejects
      when the virtual motor is on(mmm...virtual motor).
*/

static DECLFR(FDSRead4030);
static DECLFR(FDSRead4031);
static DECLFR(FDSRead4032);
static DECLFR(FDSRead4033);

static DECLFW(FDSWrite);

static DECLFW(FDSWaveWrite);
static DECLFR(FDSWaveRead);

static DECLFR(FDSSRead);
static DECLFW(FDSSWrite);
static DECLFR(FDSBIOSRead);
static DECLFR(FDSRAMRead);
static DECLFW(FDSRAMWrite);
static void FDSInit(void);
static void FP_FASTAPASS(1) FDSFix(int a);

#define FDSRAM GameMemBlock
#define CHRRAM   (GameMemBlock+32768)

static uint8 FDSRegs[6];
static int32 IRQLatch,IRQCount;
static uint8 IRQa;
static void FDSClose(void);

static uint8 FDSBIOS[8192];

/* Original disk data backup, to help in creating save states. */
static uint8 *diskdatao[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};

static uint8 *diskdata[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};

static unsigned int TotalSides;
static uint8 DiskWritten=0;         /* Set to 1 if disk was written to. */
static uint8 writeskip;
static uint32 DiskPtr;
static int32 DiskSeekIRQ;
static uint8 SelectDisk,InDisk;

#define DC_INC          1

void FDSGI(int h)
{
 switch(h)
 {
  case GI_CLOSE: FDSClose();break;
  case GI_POWER: FDSInit();break;
 }
}

static void FDSStateRestore(int version)
{ 
 int x;

 setmirror(((FDSRegs[5]&8)>>3)^1);

 if(version >= 9810)
  for(x=0;x<TotalSides;x++)
  {
   int b;
   for(b=0; b<65500; b++)
    diskdata[x][b] ^= diskdatao[x][b];
  }

}

void FDSSound();
void FDSSoundReset(void);
void FDSSoundStateAdd(void);
static void RenderSound(void);
static void RenderSoundHQ(void);

static void FDSInit(void)
{
 memset(FDSRegs,0,sizeof(FDSRegs));
 writeskip=DiskPtr=DiskSeekIRQ=0;
 setmirror(1);

 setprg8r(0,0xe000,0);          // BIOS
 setprg32r(1,0x6000,0);         // 32KB RAM
 setchr8(0);           // 8KB CHR RAM

 MapIRQHook=FDSFix;
 GameStateRestore=FDSStateRestore;

 SetReadHandler(0x4030,0x4030,FDSRead4030);
 SetReadHandler(0x4031,0x4031,FDSRead4031);
 SetReadHandler(0x4032,0x4032,FDSRead4032);
 SetReadHandler(0x4033,0x4033,FDSRead4033);

 SetWriteHandler(0x4020,0x4025,FDSWrite); 

 SetWriteHandler(0x6000,0xdfff,FDSRAMWrite);
 SetReadHandler(0x6000,0xdfff,FDSRAMRead);
 SetReadHandler(0xE000,0xFFFF,FDSBIOSRead);
 IRQCount=IRQLatch=IRQa=0;

 FDSSoundReset();
 InDisk=0;
 SelectDisk=0;
}

void FCEU_FDSInsert(int oride)
{
      if(InDisk==255)
        {
         FCEU_DispMessage("Disk %d Side %s Inserted",SelectDisk>>1,(SelectDisk&1)?"B":"A");  
         InDisk=SelectDisk;
        }
        else   
        {
         FCEU_DispMessage("Disk %d Side %s Ejected",SelectDisk>>1,(SelectDisk&1)?"B":"A");
         InDisk=255;
        }
}

void FCEU_FDSEject(void)
{
         InDisk=255;
}

void FCEU_FDSSelect(void)
{
      if(InDisk!=255)
        {
         FCEU_DispMessage("Eject disk before selecting.");
       return;
        }
        SelectDisk=((SelectDisk+1)%TotalSides)&3;
        FCEU_DispMessage("Disk %d Side %s Selected",SelectDisk>>1,(SelectDisk&1)?"B":"A");
}

static void FP_FASTAPASS(1) FDSFix(int a)
{
 if((IRQa&2) && IRQCount)
 {
  IRQCount-=a;
  if(IRQCount<=0)
  {
   if(!(IRQa&1))
   {
    IRQa&=~2;
    IRQCount=IRQLatch=0;
   }
   else
    IRQCount=IRQLatch; 
   //IRQCount=IRQLatch; //0xFFFF;
   X6502_IRQBegin(FCEU_IQEXT);
   //printf("IRQ: %d\n",timestamp);
//   printf("IRQ: %d\n",scanline);
  }
 }
 if(DiskSeekIRQ>0) 
 {
  DiskSeekIRQ-=a;
  if(DiskSeekIRQ<=0)
  {
   if(FDSRegs[5]&0x80)
   {
    X6502_IRQBegin(FCEU_IQEXT2);
   }
  }
 }
}

static DECLFR(FDSRead4030)
{
      uint8 ret=0;

      /* Cheap hack. */
      if(X.IRQlow&FCEU_IQEXT) ret|=1;
      if(X.IRQlow&FCEU_IQEXT2) ret|=2;

      if(!fceuindbg)
      {
       X6502_IRQEnd(FCEU_IQEXT);
       X6502_IRQEnd(FCEU_IQEXT2);
      }
      return ret;
}

static DECLFR(FDSRead4031)
{
      static uint8 z=0;
      if(InDisk!=255)
      {
         z=diskdata[InDisk][DiskPtr];
       if(!fceuindbg)
       {
          if(DiskPtr<64999) DiskPtr++;
          DiskSeekIRQ=150;
          X6502_IRQEnd(FCEU_IQEXT2);
       }
      }
        return z;
}
static DECLFR(FDSRead4032)
{       
        uint8 ret;

        ret=X.DB&~7;
        if(InDisk==255)
         ret|=5;

        if(InDisk==255 || !(FDSRegs[5]&1) || (FDSRegs[5]&2))        
         ret|=2;
        return ret;
}

static DECLFR(FDSRead4033)
{
      return 0x80; // battery
}

static DECLFW(FDSRAMWrite)
{
 (FDSRAM-0x6000)[A]=V;
}

static DECLFR(FDSBIOSRead)
{
 return (FDSBIOS-0xE000)[A];
}

static DECLFR(FDSRAMRead)
{
 return (FDSRAM-0x6000)[A];
}

/* Begin FDS sound */

#define FDSClock (1789772.7272727272727272/2)

typedef struct {
        int64 cycles;           // Cycles per PCM sample
        int64 count;          // Cycle counter
      int64 envcount;         // Envelope cycle counter
      uint32 b19shiftreg60;
      uint32 b24adder66;
      uint32 b24latch68;
      uint32 b17latch76;
        int32 clockcount;     // Counter to divide frequency by 8.
      uint8 b8shiftreg88;     // Modulation register.
      uint8 amplitude[2];     // Current amplitudes.
      uint8 speedo[2];
      uint8 mwcount;
      uint8 mwstart;
        uint8 mwave[0x20];      // Modulation waveform
        uint8 cwave[0x40];      // Game-defined waveform(carrier)
        uint8 SPSG[0xB];
} FDSSOUND;

static FDSSOUND fdso;

#define     SPSG  fdso.SPSG
#define b19shiftreg60   fdso.b19shiftreg60
#define b24adder66      fdso.b24adder66
#define b24latch68      fdso.b24latch68
#define b17latch76      fdso.b17latch76
#define b8shiftreg88    fdso.b8shiftreg88
#define clockcount      fdso.clockcount
#define amplitude fdso.amplitude
#define speedo          fdso.speedo

void FDSSoundStateAdd(void)
{
 AddExState(fdso.cwave,64,0,"WAVE");
 AddExState(fdso.mwave,32,0,"MWAV");
 AddExState(amplitude,2,0,"AMPL");
 AddExState(SPSG,0xB,0,"SPSG");

 AddExState(&b8shiftreg88,1,0,"B88");

 AddExState(&clockcount, 4, 1, "CLOC");
 AddExState(&b19shiftreg60,4,1,"B60");
 AddExState(&b24adder66,4,1,"B66");
 AddExState(&b24latch68,4,1,"B68");
 AddExState(&b17latch76,4,1,"B76");

}

static DECLFR(FDSSRead)
{
 switch(A&0xF)
 {
  case 0x0:return(amplitude[0]|(X.DB&0xC0));
  case 0x2:return(amplitude[1]|(X.DB&0xC0));
 }
 return(X.DB);
}

static DECLFW(FDSSWrite)
{
 if(FSettings.SndRate)
 {
  if(FSettings.soundq>=1)
   RenderSoundHQ();
  else
   RenderSound();
 }
 A-=0x4080;
 switch(A)
 {
  case 0x0: 
  case 0x4: if(V&0x80)
           amplitude[(A&0xF)>>2]=V&0x3F; //)>0x20?0x20:(V&0x3F);
          break;
  case 0x5://printf("$%04x:$%02x\n",A,V);
            break;
  case 0x7: b17latch76=0;SPSG[0x5]=0;//printf("$%04x:$%02x\n",A,V);
            break;
  case 0x8:
         b17latch76=0;
      //   printf("%d:$%02x, $%02x\n",SPSG[0x5],V,b17latch76);
         fdso.mwave[SPSG[0x5]&0x1F]=V&0x7;
           SPSG[0x5]=(SPSG[0x5]+1)&0x1F;
         break;
 }
 //if(A>=0x7 && A!=0x8 && A<=0xF)
 //if(A==0xA || A==0x9) 
 //printf("$%04x:$%02x\n",A,V);
 SPSG[A]=V;
}

// $4080 - Fundamental wave amplitude data register 92
// $4082 - Fundamental wave frequency data register 58
// $4083 - Same as $4082($4083 is the upper 4 bits).

// $4084 - Modulation amplitude data register 78
// $4086 - Modulation frequency data register 72
// $4087 - Same as $4086($4087 is the upper 4 bits)


static void DoEnv()
{
 int x;

 for(x=0;x<2;x++)
  if(!(SPSG[x<<2]&0x80) && !(SPSG[0x3]&0x40))
  {
   static int counto[2]={0,0};

   if(counto[x]<=0)
   {
    if(!(SPSG[x<<2]&0x80))
    {
     if(SPSG[x<<2]&0x40)
     {
      if(amplitude[x]<0x3F)
       amplitude[x]++;
     }
     else
     {
      if(amplitude[x]>0)
       amplitude[x]--;
     }
    }
    counto[x]=(SPSG[x<<2]&0x3F);
   }
   else
    counto[x]--;
  }
}

static DECLFR(FDSWaveRead)
{
 return(fdso.cwave[A&0x3f]|(X.DB&0xC0));
}

static DECLFW(FDSWaveWrite)
{
 //printf("$%04x:$%02x, %d\n",A,V,SPSG[0x9]&0x80);
 if(SPSG[0x9]&0x80)
  fdso.cwave[A&0x3f]=V&0x3F;
}

static int ta;
static INLINE void ClockRise(void)
{
 if(!clockcount)
 {
  ta++;

  b19shiftreg60=(SPSG[0x2]|((SPSG[0x3]&0xF)<<8));
  b17latch76=(SPSG[0x6]|((SPSG[0x07]&0xF)<<8))+b17latch76;

  if(!(SPSG[0x7]&0x80)) 
  {
   int t=fdso.mwave[(b17latch76>>13)&0x1F]&7;
   int t2=amplitude[1];
   int adj = 0;

   if((t&3))
   {
    if((t&4))
     adj -= (t2 * ((4 - (t&3) ) ));
    else
     adj += (t2 * ( (t&3) ));
   }
   adj *= 2;
   if(adj > 0x7F) adj = 0x7F;
   if(adj < -0x80) adj = -0x80;
   //if(adj) printf("%d ",adj);
   b8shiftreg88=0x80 + adj;
  }
  else
  { 
   b8shiftreg88=0x80;
  }
 }
 else
 {
  b19shiftreg60<<=1;  
  b8shiftreg88>>=1;
 }
// b24adder66=(b24latch68+b19shiftreg60)&0x3FFFFFF;
 b24adder66=(b24latch68+b19shiftreg60)&0x1FFFFFF;
}

static INLINE void ClockFall(void)
{
 //if(!(SPSG[0x7]&0x80))
 {
  if((b8shiftreg88&1)) // || clockcount==7)
   b24latch68=b24adder66;
 }
 clockcount=(clockcount+1)&7;
}

static INLINE int32 FDSDoSound(void)
{
 fdso.count+=fdso.cycles;
 if(fdso.count>=((int64)1<<40))
 {
  dogk:
  fdso.count-=(int64)1<<40;
  ClockRise();
  ClockFall();
  fdso.envcount--;
  if(fdso.envcount<=0)
  {
   fdso.envcount+=SPSG[0xA]*3;
   DoEnv(); 
  }
 }
 if(fdso.count>=32768) goto dogk;

 // Might need to emulate applying the amplitude to the waveform a bit better...
 {
  int k=amplitude[0];
  if(k>0x20) k=0x20;
  return (fdso.cwave[b24latch68>>19]*k)*4/((SPSG[0x9]&0x3)+2);
 }
}

static int32 FBC=0;

static void RenderSound(void)
{
 int32 end, start;
 int32 x;

 start=FBC;
 end=(SOUNDTS<<16)/soundtsinc;
 if(end<=start)
  return;
 FBC=end;

 if(!(SPSG[0x9]&0x80))
  for(x=start;x<end;x++)
  {
   uint32 t=FDSDoSound();
   t+=t>>1;
   t>>=4;
   Wave[x>>4]+=t; //(t>>2)-(t>>3); //>>3;
  }
}

static void RenderSoundHQ(void)
{
 int32 x;
  
 if(!(SPSG[0x9]&0x80))
  for(x=FBC;x<SOUNDTS;x++)
  {
   uint32 t=FDSDoSound();
   t+=t>>1;
   WaveHi[x]+=t; //(t<<2)-(t<<1);
  }
 FBC=SOUNDTS;
}

static void HQSync(int32 ts)
{
 FBC=ts;
}

void FDSSound(int c)
{
  RenderSound();
  FBC=c;
}

/*
static DECLFR(FDSBIOSPatch)
{
 if(FDSRegs[5]&0x4)
 {
  X.X=FDSRead4031(0x4031);
  FDSWrite(0x4024,X.A);
  X.A=X.X;
  return(0x60);
 }
 else
 {
  return(0x58);
  //puts("Write");
 }
}
*/

static void FDS_ESI(void)
{
 if(FSettings.SndRate)
 {
  if(FSettings.soundq>=1)
  {
   fdso.cycles=(int64)1<<39;
  }
  else
  {
   fdso.cycles=((int64)1<<40)*FDSClock;
   fdso.cycles/=FSettings.SndRate *16;
  }
 }
//  fdso.cycles=(int64)32768*FDSClock/(FSettings.SndRate *16);
 SetReadHandler(0x4040,0x407f,FDSWaveRead);
 SetWriteHandler(0x4040,0x407f,FDSWaveWrite);
 SetWriteHandler(0x4080,0x408A,FDSSWrite);
 SetReadHandler(0x4090,0x4092,FDSSRead);

 //SetReadHandler(0xE7A3,0xE7A3,FDSBIOSPatch);
}

void FDSSoundReset(void)
{
 memset(&fdso,0,sizeof(fdso));
 FDS_ESI();
 GameExpSound.HiSync=HQSync;
 GameExpSound.HiFill=RenderSoundHQ;
 GameExpSound.Fill=FDSSound;
 GameExpSound.RChange=FDS_ESI;
}

static DECLFW(FDSWrite)
{
 //extern int scanline;
 //FCEU_printf("$%04x:$%02x, %d\n",A,V,scanline);
 switch(A)
 {
  case 0x4020:
      X6502_IRQEnd(FCEU_IQEXT);
      IRQLatch&=0xFF00;
      IRQLatch|=V;
//    printf("$%04x:$%02x\n",A,V);
        break;
  case 0x4021:
        X6502_IRQEnd(FCEU_IQEXT);
      IRQLatch&=0xFF;
      IRQLatch|=V<<8;
//    printf("$%04x:$%02x\n",A,V);
        break;
  case 0x4022:
      X6502_IRQEnd(FCEU_IQEXT);
      IRQCount=IRQLatch;
      IRQa=V&3;
//    printf("$%04x:$%02x\n",A,V);
        break;
  case 0x4023:break;
  case 0x4024:
        if(InDisk!=255 && !(FDSRegs[5]&0x4) && (FDSRegs[3]&0x1))
        {
         if(DiskPtr>=0 && DiskPtr<65500)
         {
          if(writeskip) writeskip--;
          else if(DiskPtr>=2)
          {
         DiskWritten=1;
           diskdata[InDisk][DiskPtr-2]=V;
          }
         }
        }
        break;
  case 0x4025:
      X6502_IRQEnd(FCEU_IQEXT2);
      if(InDisk!=255)
      {
         if(!(V&0x40))
         {
          if(FDSRegs[5]&0x40 && !(V&0x10))
          {
           DiskSeekIRQ=200;
           DiskPtr-=2;
          }
          if(DiskPtr<0) DiskPtr=0;
         }
         if(!(V&0x4)) writeskip=2;
         if(V&2) {DiskPtr=0;DiskSeekIRQ=200;}
         if(V&0x40) DiskSeekIRQ=200;
      }
        setmirror(((V>>3)&1)^1);
        break;
 }
 FDSRegs[A&7]=V;
}

static void FreeFDSMemory(void)
{
 int x;

 for(x=0;x<TotalSides;x++)
  if(diskdata[x])
  {
   free(diskdata[x]);
   diskdata[x]=0;
  }
}

static int SubLoad(FCEUFILE *fp)
{
 struct md5_context md5;
 uint8 header[16];
 int x;

 FCEU_fread(header,16,1,fp);
 
 if(memcmp(header,"FDS\x1a",4))
 {
  if(!(memcmp(header+1,"*NINTENDO-HVC*",14)))
  {
   long t;
   t=FCEU_fgetsize(fp);
   if(t<65500)
    t=65500;
   TotalSides=t/65500;
   FCEU_fseek(fp,0,SEEK_SET);
  }
  else
   return(0);
 } 
 else
  TotalSides=header[4];

 md5_starts(&md5);

 if(TotalSides>8) TotalSides=8;
 if(TotalSides<1) TotalSides=1;

 for(x=0;x<TotalSides;x++)
 {
  diskdata[x]=(uint8 *)FCEU_malloc(65500);
  if(!diskdata[x])
  {
   int zol;
   for(zol=0;zol<x;zol++)
    free(diskdata[zol]);
   return 0;
  }
  FCEU_fread(diskdata[x],1,65500,fp);
  md5_update(&md5,diskdata[x],65500);
 }
 md5_finish(&md5,FCEUGameInfo->MD5);
 return(1);
}

static void PreSave(void)
{
 int x;

 //if(DiskWritten)
  for(x=0;x<TotalSides;x++)
  {
   int b;
   for(b=0; b<65500; b++)
    diskdata[x][b] ^= diskdatao[x][b];
  }
}

static void PostSave(void)
{
 int x;

 //if(DiskWritten)
  for(x=0;x<TotalSides;x++)
  {
   int b;
 
   for(b=0; b<65500; b++)
    diskdata[x][b] ^= diskdatao[x][b];
  } 

}

int FDSLoad(const char *name, FCEUFILE *fp)
{
 FILE *zp;
 int x;
 char *fn;

 FCEU_fseek(fp,0,SEEK_SET);

 if(!SubLoad(fp)) 
  return(0);

   
 fn = FCEU_MakeFName(FCEUMKF_FDSROM,0,0);

 if(!(zp=FCEUD_UTF8fopen(fn,"rb")))  
 {
  FCEU_PrintError("FDS BIOS ROM image missing!");
  FreeFDSMemory();
  free(fn);
  return 0;
 }

 free(fn);
 
 if(fread(FDSBIOS,1,8192,zp)!=8192)
 {
  fclose(zp);
  FreeFDSMemory();
  FCEU_PrintError("Error reading FDS BIOS ROM image.");
  return 0;
 }
  
 fclose(zp);


 {
  FCEUFILE *tp;
  char *fn=FCEU_MakeFName(FCEUMKF_FDS,0,0);

  int x;
  for(x=0;x<TotalSides;x++)
  {
   diskdatao[x]=(uint8 *)FCEU_malloc(65500);
   memcpy(diskdatao[x],diskdata[x],65500);
  }

  if((tp=FCEU_fopen(fn,0,"rb",0)))
  {
   FreeFDSMemory();
   if(!SubLoad(tp))
   {
    FCEU_PrintError("Error reading auxillary FDS file.");
    free(fn);
    return(0);
   }
   FCEU_fclose(tp);
   DiskWritten=1; /* For save state handling. */
  }
  free(fn);
 }

 FCEUGameInfo->type=GIT_FDS;
 GameInterface=FDSGI;

 SelectDisk=0;
 InDisk=255;

 ResetExState(PreSave,PostSave);
 FDSSoundStateAdd();

 for(x=0;x<TotalSides;x++)
 {
  char temp[5];  
  sprintf(temp,"DDT%d",x);
  AddExState(diskdata[x],65500,0,temp);
 }

 AddExState(FDSRAM,32768,0,"FDSR");
 AddExState(FDSRegs,sizeof(FDSRegs),0,"FREG");
 AddExState(CHRRAM,8192,0,"CHRR");
 AddExState(&IRQCount, 4, 1, "IRQC");
 AddExState(&IRQLatch, 4, 1, "IQL1");
 AddExState(&IRQa, 1, 0, "IRQA");
 AddExState(&writeskip,1,0,"WSKI");
 AddExState(&DiskPtr,4,1,"DPTR");
 AddExState(&DiskSeekIRQ,4,1,"DSIR");
 AddExState(&SelectDisk,1,0,"SELD");
 AddExState(&InDisk,1,0,"INDI");
 AddExState(&DiskWritten,1,0,"DSKW");

 ResetCartMapping();
 SetupCartCHRMapping(0,CHRRAM,8192,1);
 SetupCartMirroring(0,0,0);
 memset(CHRRAM,0,8192);
 memset(FDSRAM,0,32768);

 FCEU_printf(" Sides: %d\n\n",TotalSides);
 return 1;
}

void FDSClose(void)
{
 FILE *fp;
 int x;
 char *fn=FCEU_MakeFName(FCEUMKF_FDS,0,0);

 if(!DiskWritten) return;

 if(!(fp=FCEUD_UTF8fopen(fn,"wb")))
 {
  free(fn);
  return;
 }
 free(fn);

 for(x=0;x<TotalSides;x++)
 {
  if(fwrite(diskdata[x],1,65500,fp)!=65500) 
  {
   FCEU_PrintError("Error saving FDS image!");
   fclose(fp);
   return;
  }
 }
 FreeFDSMemory();
 fclose(fp);
}

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